A perspective is one of several different views of an object or group, showing a focused set of information. Perspectives are fully customisable, so you can show several different views of the same object to fulfill the needs of different audiences, such as a specific team, and present the information in a more actionable way for them. For example, a SQL server will have a SQL perspective, as well as Memory, Disk, and Performance perspectives, and you can add a perspective for use by a particular team.
In contrast to standalone dashboards, perspectives are object-level dashboards. That is, they are dashboards that are shown in the context of a specific object. Perspectives can be created by a SCOM admin for an object such as an application, group or server, and also for an alert, monitor or rule.
The real power of perspectives is to create dynamic 'templates' that can be shown for any matching object, but even if you are creating dashbaords for a specific application or group it is often better to create these as perspectives.
Because perspectives have a object context (e.g. the application, group or server) they have a number of advantages over standalone dashboards:
- the overall health state of the object is shown in the title
- users can put the object into maintenance mode
- users can run other tasks against the object
- tiles are automatically scoped to the object (no need to separately scope each tile)
- the user can easily switch to other perspectives for the same object
So the general advice is: if a dashboard is about a specific object (remember that includes applications and groups) then it's probably best to make it a perspective.
You may also like to take a look at the Squared Up webinar 'Introduction to Perspectives':
If you have a standalone dashboard that is a good candidate for becoming a perspective, you can convert it quite simply using the Convert to perspective button
- In Squared Up v2 when you drill down to an object you have one page showing a generic object view, for example all the information about a server. In Squared Up v4 you now have several perspectives, each with a different focus.
- The Monitored Entity perspective gives you a view very similar to the v2 server page.
- The Performance perspective is similar to the view performance page in v2.
- Perspectives replace the v2 favorite metrics.
The Perspective Settings determine which objects will show this new perspective on the perspective ribbon.
A perspective can be created for:
- one object only - the perspective will only be shown for this object, for example this server, this particular SCOM group or Distributed Application.
- all objects - the perspective will shown when drilling down on any object.
- a group - the perspective will be shown for all members of the chosen group.
- a class - the perspective will be shown for any object of this class (Windows Computer, Logical Disk, IIS Role etc).
Typically a perspective will match a particular management pack, although it doesn't have to.
When creating a perspective you should take care to create your new perspective in the correct location. Search or browse to the object or group for which you want a new perspective, then click on the + button on the perspective ribbon:
When you add tiles to the perspective the scope of these tiles can be relative to the the object you are looking at, so you can show children or parents of the object. For example, for a perspective created for the group IIS8 Computer Group adding a Status Tile scoped to show children with a class of
object will show the group members, i.e. the members of the IIS8 Computer Group. The scope of tiles will only show you the groups and classes that the object you have drilled down to is a member of.
To learn more about the SCOM component model and see how tiles on a perspective can be scoped take a look at this webinar 'Perspective Tile Scoping':
To find out more about how to create one application perspective which appears for all Distributed Applications take a look the webinar 'Application Dashboards':
For more information on how to create dashboards and perspectives, please see the following webinar 'Masterclass - Total Dashboard Architecture':